The Horn Presses and Printing at UCLA

Andrew H. Horn

Andrew Harlis Horn (1914–1983)

Andrew Harlis Horn was born in Ogden, Utah on July 22, 1914. His father was a Union Pacific railroad engineer and his mother was a self-taught stenographer, known for having recorded the Scopes trial. As a child, Andrew attended grammar school in Salt Lake City. The Horns moved to California when Andrew was a teenager and he graduated from Venice High School in 1932.

After high school, Andrew attended Santa Monica Junior College for three years as a pre-med student. He worked a number of jobs at SMJC, including zoology laboratory assistant, class reader, and lecturer in the Extension Division. He completed his A.A. degree in 1935 and traveled to Mexico City to research Latin American history in 1936. He earned his B.A. in History at the University of California, Los Angeles in 1937.

While continuing his studies in graduate school at UCLA, Andrew worked as a lecturer, research assistant, and teaching assistant in the history department. He taught classes in European, English, and Latin American history. During this time he also tutored students in history including notable UCLA athletes Kenny Washington and Jackie Robinson.

Andrew completed his Master’s degree in History and Economics in February of 1940. Although he had initially studied Latin American history, Horn was inspired by Professor David K. Bjork to study European history. Horn’s areas of interest included Hanseatic towns, Isidore of Seville, William Shaler, Medieval economic thought, and the history of libraries. By the time he graduated with his Ph.D. in Medieval History and Economics in 1943, Andrew Horn had completed three degrees in history. His doctoral dissertation was titled German Merchants in England During the First Half of the Fourteenth Century, and according to graduate dean Vern Knudsen, his doctoral oral was a “brilliant performance.” Despite the demands of his doctoral studies, during his last year of school from 1942 to 1943, Andrew Horn also worked for Douglas Aircraft company writing and editing procedure manuals for the engineering of aircraft.

At age twenty-nine, a slender Andrew Horn stood five feet, ten and a half inches tall, and weighed 123 pounds, when he enlisted in the army. He was so eager to travel to Europe that he refused officer training so that he could expedite his deployment. His defective vision, however, kept him stateside. He spent two and a half years in the military, and rose from Private to Sargent and Technician Third Grade. He worked in the Educational Reconditioning Branch of the Medical Department and was a certified job methods trainer by the War Department. Captain Charles Gage described him as “an extremely capable individual [who] has the ability to organize and direct, possesses a great deal of initiative, and in short, has all the qualities which a commissioned officer should possess.”

After receiving an honorable discharge in 1946, Andrew worked for a year at John Hopkins University, where he taught large classes — over five hundred students — on the History of Western Civilization. He also taught courses on studies in Colonial Republic Latin American History. During this time his interest in libraries grew, and under the recommendation of Lawrence Clark Powell, he returned to UCLA to work on a summer project organizing thousands of continental foreign language books in the library. Andrew Horn had decided to pursue a career in librarianship.

Andrew earned his Bachelor of Library Science degree while at UC Berkeley from 1947–1948. He married Mary Amelia Biggerman Baker of Maryland in the beginning of 1948. Their ceremony was in Kentfield, Marin County, just north of San Francisco. According to one of the Horns’ wedding guests, Andrew’s dear friend and doctoral fellow Edwin Carpenter, on the way to the ceremony, it was revealed that Andrew’s socks were mismatched and Mary kindly suggested that they stop so he could fix them.

Edwin H. Carpenter, who would go on to become the librarian of the Huntington Library, had been Andrew’s classmate at UCLA, where they usually found themselves seated near one another, as it was common practice to seat students alphabetically. Andrew wrote the introduction for Carpenter’s book Education of a Bibliophile in which he described how, from time to time, he, Carpenter, and other history students would assemble in Professor Lockey’s home — where every room was lined from floor to ceiling with books — and they would read aloud from some of the professor’s favorite volumes. Horn disclosed that one of his most treasured possessions was the copy of Don Quixote from which they read, which was delivered to him shortly after Professor Lockey’s passing, with an inscription: “Dear Andy: I want you to have this book as a memento of the lighter moments of the seminar. J.B. Lockey.”

After completing his B.L.S., Andrew returned to work at UCLA. Prior to his job interview, the Dean joked that Andrew should be examined to see if he was wearing the UCLA logo. Andrew, who was very fond of UCLA, did indeed sport the Bruin brand and was hired to work as the Assistant Head of the Department of Special Collections where he developed archival and academic programs. In 1950, he succeeded his mentor, Neal Harlow (who was leaving for British Columbia) as head of Special Collections. Andrew was the first University Archivist at UCLA. During this time he served on the Creates University Archivists Council, comprised of Archivists from all nine UC campuses. His work included microfilming and archival development. During 1953, he took a three-month tour of European libraries to study their archival practices.

In 1954, the Horns moved across the country so Andy could work as head of the library and professor of librarianship at the University of North Carolina. He worked there for three years while serving on the North Carolina State Library Board of Trustees. During the summer and September of 1955, he was featured on the television program Know Your Library broadcast from University of North Carolina. In 1957, he returned to California to work as the college librarian at Occidental College for two years.

Andrew returned again to UCLA in 1959, where, under Dean Powell, he created a curriculum, organized a faculty, recruited 50 students, and opened UCLA’s first-ever Graduate School of Library Services in the fall of 1960. From 1960-1963, Andrew was Associate Professor, Assistant Dean, and Vice Chairman of the Department of the UCLA School of Library Service. During the summers of 1963 and 1964, he taught as a visiting professor at the School of Librarianship at UC Berkeley. He took a sabbatical to Europe the spring of 1964 to visit European university presses.

When Andrew Horn acquired the Albion Press in 1961, it was the first bibliographic press acquired by a library school in the United States. Along with the Reliance (Washington) Press, which came to UCLA in 1965, Andrew Horn was able to teach printing classes in the School of Library Services, which at the time, was on the ground floor of Powell Library. This would become known as the Printing Chappel where the presses and types were used to teach the theory and practice of the book arts. Here, Andrew facilitated the Taste in Typography lecture series which featured lectures by notable members of the book arts community.

Upon Dean Powell’s retirement in 1966, Andrew Horn served as the Dean and Chairman of the Department until 1974. From 1970 to 1981 Andrew traveled on sabbatical to Australia to research the libraries of Perth, Adelaide, Melbourne, Canberra, Sydney, and New Zealand.

Mrs. Horn shared her husband’s love of printing, and in 1979 the Horns established Battledore Press out of their Glendale home, where together they printed cards, certificates, and pamphlets. Although Andrew Horn retired in 1978 as Dean Emeritus, he continued to teach classes in letterpress printing at UCLA until 1982. From 1979 to 1980, he was a member of the advisory board of the Journal of Library History, as well as an adviser on the executive board of the Los Angeles Library Association. He received the University Service Award from the University of California in 1979.

At Andrew Horn’s memorial service in 1983 President David A. Saxon described him as a responsible worker, and a reliable friend, and “a gentle, kind man” of “fine judgment and good counsel.” His biography in UCLA’s 1986 In Memorandum describes him vividly:

Unselfseeking, diffident, a reluctant public speaker, courteous and beloved, Andy Horn never figuratively discarded the trenchcoat, tennis shoes and old felt hat which were his first UCLA habiliments. Later he wore a white lab coat when he jumped in to help shift stacks and reshelve books. In him head, hands and heart were in perfect harmony.

Andrew Horn Timeline

Born on July 22 in Ogden, Utah.

Pre-med student at Santa Monica City College.

B.A., Phi Beta Kappa, in History from UCLA.

M.A. in History, UCLA.

1942 43
Technical Writer, Engineering Division of Douglas Aircraft.

Ph.D. in History, UCLA.

1943 46
Staff sergeant, U.S. Army.

1946 47
Assistant Professor of History, Johns Hopkins University.

Senior Library Assistant, UCLA.

B.L.S., UC Berkeley.

Creates University Archivists Council, composed of Archivists from all nine UC campuses.

Department of Special Collections, UCLA Library, Assistant Head.

Department of Special Collections, UCLA Library, Head.

First University Archivist, UCLA.

Assistant University Librarian, UCLA.

Associate University Librarian, UCLA.

Great American Historical Documents and Books (with E.H. Carpenter).

Consultant to California State College, Northridge on Map collection.

High School and County Library Service (with Byron H. Atkinson), California Librarian, September 1.

Editor, California State Centennial issue of California Library Bulletin.

Certificate in Archives and Manuscripts Administration, American University.

Three-month tour of European libraries.

University Librarian and Professor of Librarianship, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

Editor, Library Trends, vol. 4 no. 2 (October).

North Carolina State Library Board of Trustees; "Know Your Library" educational television program, UNC.

College Librarian, Occidental College.

Southern California Union List of Microtext Editions.

Lecturer, UCLA School of Library Service.

Fall, Begins the School of Library Service at UCLA, creates curriculum, gathers faculty, and admits 50 students.

Panel of Advisory Editors, UC Press, UC Publications in Librarianship.

Asspcoate Professor, UCLA School of Library Service.

Spring 1960, Spring 1963
Acting Dean, UCLA School of Library Service.

Assistant Dean and Vice Chairman of UCLA School of Library Service.

Summer Sessions, 1963–1964
Visiting Professor, School of Librarianship, UC Berkeley.

Spring 1964
Takes sabbatical in Europe to visit European libraries and university presses.

Board of Advisors, International Relations Bibliographic Service (Santa Barbara).

Advisory Board, CLIO Press (Santa Barbara).

Dean and Chairman of Department, UCLA School of Library Service (name changed in 1973 to Graduate School of Library and Information Science).

Member, Board of Directors of the Medical Library Scholarship Foundation (Medical Library Group of Southern California).

Member, Mexican-American Recruitment Committee of L.A. City and County Library Systems.

Consultant to Chancellor, Librarian and others at UCSB regarding need for a professional school of librarianship.

Member, Advisory Committee of L.A. City Junior College District for the Library Assistant Training Program.

Beginning 1971–72
Advisory Committee, Los Angeles Trade Tech.

Manuscript reader-advisor, University of Wisconsin Press.

Board of Directors, INFILL/PHOT (indexing-abstracting service on photography), Oceanside.


Continues as Dean Emeritus at UCLA.

Cited by University Archivists Council for contributions to field.

Teaches courses on printing at UCLA.

Operates Battledore Press out of Glendale home, printing cards, certificates, and pamphlets.

Receives University Service Award from University of California.

Member, Advisory Board of The Journal of Library History.

Advisor, Executive Board, Los Angeles Library Association.

May 23, 1983
Dies in Santa Monica, California.

Andrew Horn Bibliography

Prior to Appointment at UCLA School of Library Service (i.e., 1 July 1959)

“Acquisitions Problems. In Acquisitions Policies and Interests of the UCLA Library (Los Angeles: University of California Library, 1954. 19 pp.), pp. 2–4. (Occasional Paper no. 1).

Annual Report of the Libraries of the University of California, 1950–51. Los Angeles, The Library Council, 1951. 20 pp.

Annual Report of the Libraries of the University of California, 1951–52. Los Angeles, The Library Council, 1952. 27 pp.

“Association of Southeastern Research Libraries.” College and Research Libraries. 17:506–507. November 1956. Also in Humanities in the South. 6:4–5. Spring 1957.

Foreword. In Book Collecting, by Robert L. Collison (London: Benn, 1957. 244 pp.), pp. vii–viii.

The Humanist in the University Library. In University of North Carolina Lectures in the Humanities 1955–56 (Chapel-Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1957. 55 pp.), pp. 5–20.

“Library History — Unexploited Field of Research.” California Library Bulletin. 10:95–96. March 1949.

“Organization and Staffing.” Library Journal. 82:3147–3152. December 15, 1957.

“Personnel Factors in Administration.” Library Journal. 83:803–805. March 15, 1958.

“Resources for California Library History.” California Library Bulletin. 11:11–13, 37. September 1949.

“The Role of a State’s University Library.” University of North Carolina Library School Alumni Association Bulletin. 16:16–24. December 1955.

“The University Archivist and the Thesis Problem.” American Archivist. 15:321–331. October 1952.

(with Byron H. Atkinson) “High School and County Library Service.” California Librarian. 12:37–38, 66. September 1950.

(with Edwin H. Carpenter) Great American Historical Documents, Manuscripts and Books. Los Angeles, University of California Library, 1949. 37 pp.

(Book review) Annual Report of the Librarian of Congress for the Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 1954. In Library Quarterly. 26:67. January 1956.

(Book review) Annual Report on Historical Collections; University of Virginia Library...1949–50...and Third Report of the Archivist of the Division of Manuscripts, West Virginia University 1941–51...In American Archivist. 15:168–70. April 1952.

(Book review) Theodore Blegen, et al. Book Collecting and Scholarship. In College and Research Libraries. 16:314-315. July 1955.

(Book review) John David Marshall, et al., eds. Libraries, Librarians... In North Carolina Libraries. 15:21. October 1956.

(Book review) E.S. Upton. Guide to the Sources of English History from 1603 to 1660 in Reports of the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts. In Library Quarterly. 23:148–149. April 1953.

(Book review) Sir Edmund Craster. History of the Bodleian Library 1845–1945. In Library Journal. 78:117–118. January 15, 1953.

(Book review) Dixon Wecter. Literary Lodestone. In California Librarian. 12:167. March 1951.

(Book review) Richard Harwell. Research Resources in the Georgia-Florida Libraries of “SIRF.” In Library Quarterly. 26:152–153. April 1956.

(Book review) Arthur Bester, David G. Mearns, and Jonathan Daniels. Three Presidents and Their Books. In Raleigh News and Observer. March 13, 1955.

(Book review) UCLA Occasional Papers Nos. 1–3. In College and Research Libraries. 17:433. September 1956.

(Editor) Essays on California Library History. An issue of California Library Bulletin. Vol. 11 , no. 4. June 1950. Also contributed “Introduction,” p. 142.

(Editor) Special Materials and Services. An issue of Library Trends. Vol. 4, no. 2. October 1955. Also contributed “Introduction,” pp. 119–122.

Academic Year 1959/60

(Review article) “Booker T. Washington; a Register of his Papers in the Library of Congress.” In American Archivist. 22:229–230. April 1959.

“Education for Librarianship at UCLA.” Bulletin. Southern California Chapter. Special Libraries Association 21:13–16. February 1960.

(Review article) “Libraries in British Columbia...” Library Quarterly. 23:27–28. October 1959. A review of Library Service in British Columbia, by Marjorie C. Holmes.

“The Library Reports.” Occidental Alumnus. 41:4–5. February 1959.

“Note on the Appointment of Paul M. Miles” College and Research Libraries. 20:313. July 1959.

“Qui en es Quien.” Hoja Volante. 57:5–7. May 1959; 58:2–3. August 1959; 59:2–3 November 1959; 60:4–6. February 1960.

(Review article) “Simplified Survey of Communication.” In Library Journal. 85:1552. April 15, 1960.

“Southern California Union List of Microtext Editions.” Los Angeles: Libraries of Occidental College and University of California at Los Angeles, 1959. 1 v. (loose-leaf).

“Yesterday–Today–Tomorrow.” Arizona Librarian. 16:9–18. Winter 1959. Also in The Southwest of the Bookman, (Los Angeles, University of California Library, 1959. 60 1), pp. 10–19.

(Book review) E. Gould Buffum, edited by John W. Caughey. Six Months in the Gold Mines. In The Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly. 61:27 6–279. September 1959.

(Review article) “The Disease of Censorship.” In Frontier. 12:13–14. January 1960. A Review of Book Selection and Censorship, by Marjorie Fiske.

Academic Year 1960/61

“Planning the Course in Reference and Bibliography.” Library Journal. 86:1537–39. April 15, 1961.

Academic Year 1961/62 “Neal R. Harlow...” College and Research Libraries. 22:388–389. September 1961.

(Book review) A Bookman’s Review of Los Angeles. In California Historical Society Quarterly. 51:56–58. March 1962.

(Book review) E. Walford Erickson. College and University Library Surveys. 1938–1952. In Library Journal. 86:3770. November l, 1961.

Academic Year 1962/63

“Technical Services.” The Southeastern Librarian. 12:130, 175–176. Fall 1962.

(Book review) Clement Clarke Moore. A Visit from St. Nicholas (1962 reprint ed.) In UCLA Librarian. 15:172. October 12, 1962.

Academic Year 1963/64

(Review article) “A Bibliographical Method for the Description of Eighteenth-Century Botanical Books.” Library Quarterly. 34:200–202. April 1964.

(Book review) Occidental College: The First Seventy-Five Years. In Quarterly of the Historical Society of Southern California. 45:190. June 1963.

Academic Year 1964/65


Academic Year 1965/66

“William R. Eshelman.” California Librarian. 26:253–256. October 1965.

(Book review) Leona Rostenberg. Literary, Political, Scientific, Religion and Legal Publishing, Printing, and Bookselling in England, 1551–1700... In Renaissance News. 19:39–41. Spring 1966.

(Book review) John David Marshall. Mark Hopkins’ Log and Other Essays by Louis Shores. In the Journal of Library History. 1:81-82. January 1966.

(Book review) H. Richard Archer, ed. Rare Book Collections... In Library Quarterly. 36:70–71. January 1966.

Academic Year 1966/67

Academic Year 1967/68

“Discovery and Training.” Library Journal. 93:1871–187 2. May 1, 1968.

“From the Dean’s Desk.” CALibrarian. 17:2. Fall 1967. 17:3–4. Winter and Spring 1968. (see below)

(Book review) Sean Jennett. The Making of Books. 4h ed. 1967. In Library Journal. 93:524. Feb. 1, 1968.

(Book review) Maurice F. Tauber. Louis Round Wilson: Librarian and Administrator. 1967. In College and Research Libraries. 28:354. Sept. 1967.

(Book review) Louis Round Wilson. Education and Libraries: Selected Papers by Louis Round Wilson. 1966. In Library Quarterly. 37:396–397. Oct. 1967.

“From the Dean’s Desk.” CALibrarian. 18:2:1–2. Winter and Spring 1968.

Academic Year 1968/69

(Book review) Modern Book Production, by Dorothy Harrop. (London: Archon, 1968. 196 pp.). In Library Journal. 93:4527. 1 December 1968.

The James Guthrie Pear Tree Press Collection in the Library of the University of California, Santa Barbara One gathering (4 pp.) in a portfolio James J. Guthrie: Pear Tree Press, Santa Barbara; University of California, The Library, 1968.

“Committee on Liaison with Accrediting Agencies,” Proceedings of the American Library Association: Midwinter Meeting and 86th Conference, 1967. 1968. Page 165.

“From the Dean’s Desk.” CALibrarian. 18:3–4:3–5. Fall 1968 and Winter 1969.

Academic Year 1969/70

“A Separate Degree Program in Information Science: the Degree Master of Science in Information Science at UCLA.” Libri, 18:283–311 (1968, appeared in 1969). Paper presented in Frankfurt , Germany, August 1968.

Academic Year 1970/71


“California. University of California at Los Angeles, Graduate School of Library Service.” Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science, 3:670–680 (1970).

“Introduction” Influences on California Printing (Los Angeles: William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, 1970), pp. 1–6.

Review of A Short History of the Printed Word, by Warren Chappel. Library Journal, April 15, 1971.

Academic Year 1971/72

“Some observations on Collaboration in the Professional Education of Special Librarians.” Proceedings of an Institute on the Teaching of Special Librarians. Tape cassette, two sides. Conference proceedings published in 8 cassettes. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan School of Library Science, 1972.

“Time for Decision: Library Education for the Seventies.” Special Libraries. 62:515–523. December, 1971.

“The New Position on the M.L.S. Degree at UCLA.” California Librarian. 34:5–8. January, 1972.

Academic Year 1973/74

[Libraries and Library Schools, 13 pp., mimeographed and distributed by the School.] Summary report of field study in the Spring of 1973, visiting over 100 libraries (with interview schedule) of various types in southern California. The purpose of the study was to investigate staffing patterns and needs for personnel, inquire about internship sites, discover placement opportunities, obtain evaluations of the School’s programs, and observe operations and facilities.

A book review of Printing 1770–1970: An Illustrated History of Its Development and Uses in England, by Michael Twyman. LQ 143:421 (at 73).

Academic Year 1974/75

“Ha Llegado la Hora de Tomar Decisiones Bibliotecologia para los Sententas,” in Notas Bibliotecologicas: La Ensenanza de la Bibliotecologia (Mexico, D.F.: Biblioteca Benjamin Franklin, 19711), pp. 1–13. Translated from Special Libraries 62:515–523 (December 1971).

Reflections on the Curriculum: An American Approach, in Curriculum Design in Librarianship: An International Approach, ed. by Edward A. Parr and Eric J. Wainwright (Perth, Australia: Western Australian Institute of Technology, 1974), pp. 51–81.

Professional Training of Librarians in the United States and Canada, in Outpost: Australian Librarianship, ’73, Proceedings of the 17th Biennial Conference held in Perth, August 1973 (Sydney: Library Association of Australia, 1974), pp. 24–46.

Academic Year 1975/76

Book Reviews

Book Review. E. H. McCormick, Alexander Turnbull: His Life, His Circle, His Collections (Wellington, N. Z.: Alexander Turnbull Library, 1974), pp. XVi plus 324. In Library Quarterly 45:452–4 (October 1975)

Book Review. Mary B. Cassata and Herman L. Totten, eds. The Administrative Aspects of Education for Librarianship: A Symposium (Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow, 1975), 407 pp. In College and Research Libraries 37:180–1 (March 1976).

Compiled and did some printing of headings, etc., The Archives Handbook for the University Archivists Council, University of California.