The Horn Presses and Printing at UCLA

Printing History Timeline

618 to 906: Tang Dynasty — the first printing is done in China using ink on carved wooden blocks begins to make multiple transfers of an image to paper.

868: The world’s first known printed book, a Diamond Sutra, is commissioned by a Buddhist monk in honor of his parents.

1241: Korea prints books using movable type.

1300: The first use of wooden type in China.

1309: Papermaking arrives in Europe. China and Egypt had been making paper and papyrus in previous centuries.

1338: First papermill opens in France

1390: First papermill opens in Germany.

1392: Foundries that can produce bronze type are opened in Korea

1423: Block printing is used to print books in Europe

1425: Packs of tarot playing cards are among the most popular products of Europe’s first printing presses.

1452: The first time metal plates are used for printing in Europe. Johannes Gutenberg begins printing the Bible, which he finishes in 1456.

1457: First color printing by Fust and Schoeffer.

1465: Drypoint engravings invented by Germans.

1476: William Caxton begins using a Gutenberg printing press in England.

1477: Intaglio is first used for book illustration for a Flemish book called Il Monte Sancto di Dio.

1495: First papermill opens in England.

1501: Italic type is first used.

1520: Europe’s new printing presses make possible the first pamphlet war, spreading instant arguments for and against the Reformation.

1550: Wallpaper is introduced in Europe.

1605: First weekly newspaper published in Antwerp.

1611: King James Bible published.

1660: Mezzotint invented in Germany.

1691: First papermill opens in the American colonies.

1702: Multi-colored engraving is invented by German Jakob Le Blon. The first English language daily newspaper is published called the Daily Courant.

1725: In Scotland stereotyping is invented by William Ged.

1800: The Iron printing presses are invented.

1819: The Rotary printing press is invented by Napier.

1829: Embossed printing is invented by Louis Braille.

1841: Type-composing machine is invented.

1844: Electrotyping is invented.

1846: Richard Hoe invents a Cylinder press. Hoe’s cylinder press can print 8,000 sheets an hour.

1863: William Bullock invents the rotary web-fed letterpress.

1865: Web offset press can print on both sides of paper at once.

1886: Linotype composing machine is invented by Ottmar Mergenthaler.

1870: Paper is now mass-manufactured from wood pulp.

1878: Photogravure printing is invented by Karl Klic.

1890: Mimeograph machine introduced.

1891: Printing presses can now print and fold 90,000 4-page papers an hour. Diazotype is invented, which can print photographs on fabric.

1892: The four-color rotary press invented.

1904: Offset lithography becomes common. The first comic book is published.

1907: Commercial silk screening invented.

1933: A war breaks out between the newspaper and radio industries. American newspapers try to force the Associated Press to terminate news service to radio stations.

1947: Phototypesetting made practical

1954: There are more radios than there are daily newspapers.

1955: Teletypesetting is used for newspapers.

1967: Newspapers use digital production processes and began using computers for operations.

1971: Use of offset presses becomes common.

1977: First public access to archives offered by Toronto Globe and Mail.

2007: There are now 1,456 daily newspapers in the United States alone, selling 55 million copies a day.

2009: The was the worst year in decades as far as advertising revenues for newspapers.

Today, newspapers continue to move into online internet versions.